Turbulent diffusion of chemically reacting gaseous admixtures

Nordita Astrophysics seminars

Wednesday 08 October 2014
from 13:30
to 14:15 at
122:026

Speaker :

Igor Rogachevskii (Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva & Nordita)

Abstract :

We study turbulent diffusion of chemically reacting gaseous admixtures in a developed turbulence. In our previous study [Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 69 (1998)] using a path-integral approach for a delta-correlated in time random velocity field, we demonstrated a strong modification of turbulent transport in fluid flows with chemical reactions or phase transitions. In the present study we use the spectral tau approximation, that is valid for large Reynolds and Peclet numbers, and show that turbulent diffusion of the reacting species can be strongly depleted by a large factor that is the ratio of turbulent and chemical times (turbulent Damk"ohler number). We have demonstrated that the derived theoretical dependence of turbulent diffusion coefficient versus the turbulent Damk"ohler number is in a good agreement with that obtained previously in the numerical modelling of a reactive front propagating in a turbulent flow and described by the Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov-Fisher equation. We have found that turbulent cross-effects, e.g., turbulent mutual diffusion of gaseous admixtures and turbulent Dufour-effect of the chemically reacting gaseous admixtures, are less sensitive to the values of stoichiometric coefficients. The mechanisms of the turbulent cross-effects are different from the molecular cross effects known in irreversible thermodynamics. In a fully developed turbulence and at large Peclet numbers the turbulent cross-effects are much larger than the molecular ones. The obtained results are applicable also to heterogeneous phase transitions.