|For a list of scheduled talks that are not part of the conference, click here on the page for Nordita talks.
Most of the talks contain streaming video recordings.
If you want to download an entire lecture (non-streaming), you need to
replace the mms in the beginning by http, so you'd say, for example,
Pictures of all participants.
Monday, 25 February
chair: Axel Brandenburg
9:00- 9:50 Raphaël Plasson: Thermodynamics of chirality (video,pdf)
10:00-10:50 Cristobal Viedma: When "Left" and "Right" cannot coexist: chiral
purity by thermodynamic-kinetic feedback near equilibrium (pdf,ppt)
11:30-12:20 Wim Noorduin: Explanation for the emergence of a single chiral
solid state during grinding (video, video2)
chair: Meir Lahav
14:00-14:50 Josep Ribo: Chemical constraints in spontaneous mirror
symmetry breaking (video)
15:30-16:20 J. Michael McBride: A mechanism for deracemization by crystal grinding (video,video2)
Tuesday, 26 February
9:00- 9:50 Henri Kagan: Nonlinear effects in asymmetric catalysis (video,ppt)
10:00-10:50 Kenso Soai: Asymmetric autocatalysis and origins of homochirality (video)
11:30-12:20 Kouichi Asakura: Emergence of homochirality in chemical systems (video)
14:00-14:50 Antonio Rizzo: The ab initio calculation of linear and
nonlinear properties of chiral systems (video)
16:30-17:20 Günter von Kiedrowski: Systems chemistry and the origin of life (video,ppt)
19:00 Conference Dinner (After Dinner Speach by J. Michael McBride )
Wednesday, 27 February
9:00- 9:50 Laurence Barron: Structure and behaviour of the molecules
of life from Raman optical activity (video,pdf,ppt)
11:30-12:20 Yukio Saito: Fluctuation effect on enantiomeric excess
amplification and chiral symmetry breaking (video,ppt,ppt2)
Thursday, 28 February
9:00- 9:50 Armando Cordova: Asymmetric amino acid catalysis (video)
10:00-10:50 Patrick Sandars: The relative handedness of nucleic acids
and proteins (video)
11:30-12:20 Auguste Commeyras: Origin of life: the need of steps of
14:00-14:50 Meir Lahav: Racemic templates for stochastic mirror symmetry breaking (video)
15:30-16:20 Jonathan Wattis: Mathematical models for the emergence
of homochirality (video)
Friday, 29 February
9:00- 9:50 Ramadurai: Neutrino induced homochirality (video)
10:00-10:50 Peter Schmidt: Evolution of homochirality: a probabilistic process
with simultaneous polymerization, chain degradation
and epimerization (video,ppt,ppt2)
11:30-12:20 Sara Walker: Right versus left: why bigger is better
(... but not always good enough) (video1,video2)
14:00-14:50 Axel Brandenburg: Homochirality in spatially extended systems (video,pdf,ppt,htm)
16:00 End of Conference
Background and motivation:
Homochirality is a unique property of living matter. It is a property
that gradually disappears after the death of living matter. The origin
of homochirality is therefore closely linked to the origin of life,
which makes this topic a prominent research field in astrobiology.
The problem of the possible origins of homochirality in living matter is
frequently discussed in the literature. On the one hand, physical and
external factors (e.g., the electroweak parity breaking, enhanced for
example by heavy Cu complexes, as well as magnetic fields and polarized
light) are hard to rule out. On the other hand, the possibility of
a bifurcation process is quite plausible, but there is no unique
mechanism. Possible candidates include autocatalysis combined with
enantiomeric cross-inhibition in the RNA world (Sandars 2003) and the
activation-polymerization-epimerization-depolymerization reaction of
One purpose of this program is to establish the viability of these
two different pathways, and to discuss the possibility of an interplay
between them. Also the significance of crystallization experiments with
stirring either for just demonstrating the effects of growth combined
with competition, or as a primitive mechanism under prebiotic conditions
should be discussed. Finally, quantitative aspects of approaches of
involving physical and external factors should be discussed. Can some
quantitative agreement be established regarding the subsequent role of
amplification mechanisms and the enantiomeric excess that can be achieved?
It is anticipated that such a program can be an important mile stone in
this field, which is currently being attacked from the many different
angles, without there being sufficient interaction between them.
The program extends over four weeks, where the last week is devoted
to a symposium.
Although long-term participation is strongly encouraged, it is also possible to stay
for shorter periods.
The number of program participants is limited to a maximum of about 20 at any time.
Funding will be available to accommodate program participants in apartments,
Desks and shared office space will be available in the Nordita building.
We expect to have only one regular review talk per week. Some of these
talks can be oriented toward a broader audience. In addition, we plan
to have one extensive discussion session once or twice a week, e.g.
between 10:30 and 12:30. Each discussion will be started off by about
3 short presentations (20 min) by program participants talking on a
related topic. There should be a vague idea about the topics of each
session prior to the begin of the program (to be discussed with the
participants via email), but revisions during the course of the program
are anticipated. In addition, regular coffee session every morning
at 10:00 and at 15:00 provide informal means of exchanging ideas and
starting collaborations. Other than that, we try to keep the days open
for doing regular work.
For the last week (February 25-29) we consider organizing an open symposium that is
available to a broader community and, in particular, to people that could
not come for the full duration of the program. We are also considering to
collect a number of papers for a special issue of Origins of Life
and Evolution of the Biosphere. This would allow us to have a permanent
record connected with the activities and discussions at the program and/or
the open symposium.
Scientists interested in this progam are encouraged to apply by filling in the registration form.
The deadline for applications is December 15, 2007.
Tue 5 Feb. 10-12:30: discussion (Jonathan, Susanne, Harry, ...)
Fri 8 Feb Jonathan Wattis (Astrobiology seminar), with reception afterwards
Tue 12 Feb. 10:30: Sara Walker (talk)
Thu, 14 Feb, 14:15: Laurence Barron (talk)
Thu, 15 Feb, 16:15: Meir Lahav (talk)
Fri, 15 Feb, 10:30: Mark Green (talk)
Fri, 15 Feb, 16:00: Guenter von Kiedrowski (Astrobiology seminar), + reception
Sat, 16 Feb, 10:00: Mark Green (discussion)
Sat, 16 Feb, 14:30: Meir Lahav (discussion)
Tue, 19 Feb. 10-12:30: discussion (Asakura, Mashimo, Saito, ...)
Fri, 22 Feb, 16:00: Kouichi Asakura (Astrobiology seminar), with reception
Mon, 25 Feb, 9:00 start of conference (see below)
Arrival/Departure times of Participants, pictures, roster.
How to get here?
(this link has a description and a map). The meeting takes place in the Nordita building,
just next to the AlbaNova main building.
Organizers: Axel Brandenburg,
Raphaël Plasson, Anja C. Andersen