On-shell Diagrams, Grassmannians and Integrability for Form Factors
OKC/Nordita High-Energy Physics Theory seminar
Monday 07 March 2016
to 14:15 at
Matthias Wilhelm (NBI)
"Form factors describe the overlap between a gauge-invariant local composite operator on the one hand and an asymptotic on-shell scattering state on the other hand. Thus, they form a bridge between the purely off-shell correlation functions and the purely on-shell scattering amplitudes. We apply on-shell and integrability methods that have been developed in the context of scattering amplitudes in N=4 SYM theory to tree-level form factors of this theory. Focussing on the colour-ordered super form factors of the chiral part of the stress-energy multiplet as an example, we show how to systematically construct on-shell diagrams for these form factors with the minimal form factor as further building block in addition to the three-point amplitudes. Moreover, we obtain analytic representations in terms of Grassmannian integrals in spinor helicity, twistor and momentum twistor variables. While Yangian invariance is broken by the operator insertion, we find that the form factors are eigenstates of the integrable spin-chain transfer matrix built from the monodromy matrix that yields the Yangian generators. Constructing them via the method of R operators allows to introduce deformations that preserve the integrable structure. We finally show that the integrable properties extend to minimal tree-level form factors of generic composite operators as well as certain leading singularities of their n-point loop-level form factors."