PhD Thesis:Ions colliding with molecules and molecular clusters: fragmentation and growth processes
Thursday 11 June 2015
to 16:00 at
Tao Chen (Stockholm University, Department of Physics)
In this talk the speaker will discuss fragmentation and molecular growth processes in collisions of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules, fullerenes, or their clusters with atoms or atomic ions. Simple collision models as well as molecular structure calculations are used to aid the interpretations of the present and other experimental results. Fragmentation features at center-of-mass collision energies around 10 keV are dominated by interactions between the fast ion/atom and the electron cloud in the molecules/clusters (electronic stopping processes). This electronic excitation energy is rapidly distributed on the vibrational degrees of freedom of the molecule or of the molecules in a cluster and may result in fragmentation. Here, the fragmentation is statistical and favors the lowest-energy dissociation channels which are losses of intact molecules from clusters, H- and C2H2-losses from isolated PAHs, and C2-loss from fullerene monomers. The speaker will also discuss the possibility of formation of molecular H2 direct from native PAHs which reach high enough energies when interacting with ions, electrons, or photons.
For the experiments at lower center of mass collision energies (~ 100 eV) a single atom may be knocked out in close atom-atom interaction. Such non-statistical fragmentation are due to nuclear stopping processes and gives highly reactive fragments which may form covalent bonds with other molecules in a cluster on very short time scales (picoseconds). This process may be important when considering the formation of new species. For collision between 12 keV Ar2+ and clusters of pyrene (C16H10) molecules, new molecules, e.g. C17H10+, C30H18+, C31H19+, etc are detected. Similar molecular fusion processes have also been observed for He and Ar ions colliding with clusters of C60 molecules. These and related molecular fusion processes may play a key role for understanding molecular growth processes under certain astrophysical conditions.