SiC power devices – present status, applications and future perspective
KTH Applied Physics seminars
Thursday 29 September 2011
to 10:00 at
Prof Mikael Östling (KTH ICT)
Silicon carbide (SiC) semiconductor devices for high power applications are now commercially available as discrete devices. Recently Schottky diodes are offered by both USA and Europe based companies. Active switching devices such as bipolar junction transistors (BJTs), field effect transistors (JFETs and MOSFETs) are now available on the commercial market. The interest is rapidly growing for these devices in high power and high temperature applications. The main advantages of wide bandgap semiconductors are their very high critical electric field capability. From a power device perspective the high critical field strength can be used to design switching devices with much lower losses than conventional silicon based devices both for on-state losses and reduced switching losses. This paper reviews the current state of the art in active switching device performance for both SiC and GaN. SiC material quality and epitaxy processes have greatly improved and degradation free 100 mm wafers are readily available. The SiC wafer roadmap looks very favorable as volume production takes off. Power module demonstrations are beginning to appear in scientific reports and real applications. Other advantages of SiC is the possibility of high temperature operation (> 300 °C) and in radiation hard environments, which could offer considerable system advantages.