Cross helicity and turbulent magnetic diffusivity in the solar convection zone
Nordita Astrophysics seminars
Wednesday 22 September 2010
to 14:30 at
Leonid Kitchatinov (Nordita, Irkutsk and Pulkovo)
In a density-stratified turbulent medium the cross helicity is considered as a result of the interaction of the velocity fluctuations and a large-scale magnetic field. By means of a quasilinear theory and by numerical simulations we find the cross helicity and the mean vertical magnetic field anti-correlated. In the high-conductivity limit the ratio of the helicity and the mean magnetic field equals the ratio of the magnetic eddy diffusivity and the (known) density scale height. The result can be used to predict that the cross helicity at the solar surface exceeds the value of 1 Gauss km/s. Its sign is anti-correlated with that of the radial mean magnetic field. Alternatively, we can use our result to determine the value of the turbulent magnetic diffusivity from observations of the cross helicity.